Chloroquine resistant malaria

Discussion in 'Health Canada Drug Database' started by StasMan, 15-Mar-2020.

  1. djdbr New Member

    Chloroquine resistant malaria


    Plasmodium species are transmitted by the bite of an infective female mosquito. Occasionally, transmission occurs by blood transfusion, organ transplantation, needle sharing, nosocomially, or from mother to fetus.

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    Mefloquine is one of the oldest chloroquine-resistant falciparum Malaria pills developed during the Vietnam War. It is taken weekly starting the week before you arrive in the risk area, and for four weeks after leaving the area. However, Mefloquine is not often prescribed by travel doctors because of its side effects. Chloroquine-resistant malaria is exactly what it sounds like—particular types of malaria which are not cured by treatment with chloroquine. Chloroquine was first discovered in the 1930s in Germany and began to be widely used as an anti-malaria post-World War II, in the late 1940s. Current status of drug-resistant malaria 10 3. Causes of resistance 12 3.1 Definition of antimalarial drug resistance 12 3.2 Malaria treatment failure 12 3.3 Mechanisms of antimalarial resistance 12 3.3.1 Chloroquine resistance 12 3.3.2 Antifolate combination drugs 13 3.3.3 Atovaquone 13 3.4 Factors contributing to the spread of resistance 13

    Travelers going to malaria-endemic countries are at risk for contracting the disease, and almost all of the approximately 1,700 cases per year of malaria in the United States are imported. Malaria is a major international public health problem; 91 countries reported an estimated 216 million infections and 445,000 deaths in 2016, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) World Malaria Report 2017.

    Chloroquine resistant malaria

    Coronavirus cure All you need to know about anti-malaria., Chloroquine Resistant Malaria

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  5. Chloroquine is a medication used to prevent and to treat malaria in areas where malaria is known to be sensitive to its effects. Certain types of malaria, resistant strains, and complicated cases typically require different or additional medication. Occasionally it is used for amebiasis that is occurring outside the intestines, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus erythematosus.

    • Chloroquine - Wikipedia.
    • Drug resistance in malaria - World Health Organization.
    • Chloroquine - FDA prescribing information, side effects..

    Chloroquine used to be taken daily in many of the tropical Britain colonies suffering from malaria. chloroquine in the form of quinine is where the gin and tonic drink came from. Quinine mixed with carbonated water was drunk as a prophylactic. The quinine tasted so terrible it had to be cut with something to make it tolerable - gin! Chloroquine-resistant P. vivax malaria was first identified in 1989 among Australians living in or traveling to Papua New Guinea. P. vivax resistance to chloroquine has also now been identified in Southeast Asia, Ethiopia, and Madagascar. Isolated reports have suggested chloroquine-resistance P. vivax in other countries and regions, but further evaluation is needed. Chloroquine, or hydroxychloroquine, has been used to treat malaria since 1944. It can be given before exposure to malaria to prevent infection, and it can also be given as treatment afterward. Malaria is a disease that is caused by a parasite, unlike COVID-19.

     
  6. Korvin91 Well-Known Member

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